Indochinese Tiger

IUCN Red List status - Endangered

The Indochinese tiger is a subspecies, which has not been well studied. Its home range goes across Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia and south-west China. Until 2004 it was believed that the territory of this tiger subspecies included the Malaysian Peninsular
(Thailand and Malaysia). A study showed however that there are distinctive genetic differences between the Indochinese and the Malayan tiger, and these tiger subspecies are listed separately nowadays.

The habitat of the Indochinese tiger comprises of peat swamps and mountainous forests. Much of these stretch along the borders between the different countries and access is hence restricted. Scientists have been granted limited permits for field research only recently.

According to recent government estimates the Indochinese tiger population is just over 350 individuals. It is believed that the actual number is far lower than this. In Vietnam tigers have not been recorded by trail cameras since 1997 and only 6 individuals were captured and identified on cameras in the tiger reserve Hukaung Valley, Myanmar.

The Indochinese tiger has been severely poached and vanished from many areas of its natural home range. At the time of the last Red List assessment its population was already well below 2,500 and the declining trend has continued further since then. This subspecies is furthermore also significantly affected by the depletion of prey; again through illegal hunting.

The IUCN states that the Indochinese tiger is approaching the threshold of Critically Endangered and that a full assessment will be undertaken at the next Red List update to validate whether the criteria for this status have been met.

According to information available to us there are no Indochinese tigers in UK zoos or wildlife parks.

The information about Indochinese tigers was sourced from the IUCN and 21st Century Tiger web pages